This prefecture offers some lovely countryside with good hiking, interesting villages, as well as the attractions of the city of Rethymnon itself; and on the south coast both wildness and some fine beaches can be found, in varying combinations of the two.
There are also ancient cities and monasteries, some of which are described below.
Rethymnon Prefecture ('nomos' in Greek) is the smallest of Crete's four prefectures in both size and population, with the city of Rethymnon Crete's third largest city (after Iraklion and Hania) as well as provincial capital , situated on the north coast of Crete 78km/48.5miles to the west of Iraklion and 58km/36miles to the east of Hania.
Rethymnon prefecture is bounded by the Psiloritis mountain range on the east and the Lefka Ori (White Mountains) on the west and its north-south distance is one of the narrowest in Crete.
The northern coast of this province dips south lower than the provinces to east and west, and though the part of the Aegean Sea north of Crete is generally known as the Kritiko Pelagos (Cretan Sea), the gulf between the city of Rethymnon and the higher part of the coast to the west is known as the Ormos Almirou (Bay of Salt, literally) and the province is bounded in the south by the Liviko Pelagos (Libyan Sea).